Therapeutic exercises are incorporated into a physical rehabilitation program to physical function. The specific exercises used are dependent on the patient's condition and what the goals of treatment are. Older pets may perform exercises that strengthen their rear legs and maintain their flexibility. A young dog recovering from surgery will be asked to do exercises that encourage controlled use of their affected leg and minimize muscle loss while pets with neurologic disease will work on activities that improve balance and body awareness.
A variety of equipment is used to facilitate these therapeutic exercises. Many exercises can also be modified to use common household supplies so that owners can also perform some exercises on their own. These exercises also provide a way to mentally stimulate pets who may be frustrated with their lack of mobility and time to bond with their owners.